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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMSAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMSSpatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.71
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score37.95
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score42.76
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.htmlsqrrl.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftSAP, SybaseAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release2011201419872012
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 202116.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJavaScriptJava and Transact-SQLno
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolJavaScriptyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioningSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*noyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASESqrrl
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASESqrrl
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
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