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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.06
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score30.73
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201120141995
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.0.21, 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMySQL
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