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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.29
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score30.87
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.16
Rank#67  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tables
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201120142012
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJavaScriptno
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
Specific characteristicsCouchbase Server is an open source NoSQL database engineered to support the agile...
» more
Competitive advantagesPowerful Querying: An expressive query language that extends SQL and supports joins...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-time Big Data , Profile Management , Mobile Applications , Content Management...
» more
Key customersCouchbase customers include industry leaders like AOL, AT&T, Bally’s, BSkyB, Cisco...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAll software is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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