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DBMS > Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. NuoDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.71
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score100.93
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1.20
Rank#181  Overall
#89  Relational DBMS
Score114.77
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
nuodb.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydoc.nuodb.comdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
NuoDB, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20112009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520132014
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 202110.9.4, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces costSkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Java, SQLuser defined functions
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDByes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBNuoDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBNuoDBSnowflake
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