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DBMS > Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.06
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score90.92
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2011200919951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 201910.4.12, January 20208.0.21, 202012.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
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Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
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