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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides IBM Db2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.30
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score21.47
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score37.96
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.ibm.com/­products/­informixazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.cominformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
docs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.IBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.Microsoft
Initial release201119842014
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 202114.10.FC5, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC, C++ and Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyes infoJSON types
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesJavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseInformixMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseInformixMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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