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DBMS > Couchbase vs. IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.99
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score172.60
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score26.19
Rank#26  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score121.03
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.ibm.com/­products/­informixwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
www.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.IBMIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20111983 infohost version19842000
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 201912.1, October 201614.10, March 20193.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C, C++ and JavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
JDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesyesno
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
yes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixSQLite
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixSQLite
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