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DBMS > Couchbase vs. HBase vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. HBase vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTablePopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.89
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score42.07
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score175.31
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comhbase.apache.orgredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comhbase.apache.orgdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release201120082009
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20212.3.4, January 20217.0.0, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store, for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberoptions to bring your own types, AVROpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoCoprocessors in JavaLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesthrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)Atomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseHBaseRedis
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Apache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
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The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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No single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Apple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
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Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
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Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
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Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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Apache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
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Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Read the Redis NoSQL benchmark report.
» more

Aiven for Redis: Store and access your data quickly and efficiently.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseHBaseRedis
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