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DBMS > Couchbase vs. HBase vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. HBase vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score43.19
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score3.09
Rank#98  Overall
#18  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comhbase.apache.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comhbase.apache.orgpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetApache Software Foundation
Initial release201120082012
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20212.3.4, January 20217.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces costCloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberoptions to bring your own types, AVROno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoCoprocessors in JavaView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseHBasePouchDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Apache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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No single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Apple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Apache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseHBasePouchDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase Server 7.1 advances enterprise NoSQL database
10 May 2022, TechTarget

Couchbase Announces Date of First Quarter Fiscal 2023 Financial Results Conference Call
17 May 2022, 69News WFMZ-TV

Couchbase: A First Assessment
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10 May 2022, MarTech Series

Couchbase, Inc. (NASDAQ:BASE) Given Average Recommendation of “Buy” by Analysts
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Review: HBase is massively scalable -- and hugely complex
31 March 2014, InfoWorld

The Apache Software Foundation Announces the 10th Anniversary of Apache® HBase
13 May 2020, GlobeNewswire

HBase: The database big data left behind
6 May 2016, InfoWorld

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Apache Phoenix Now HBase 2.0 Compatible
20 July 2018, iProgrammer

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Getting Started with PouchDB Client-Side JavaScript Database
7 September 2016, SitePoint

Synchronizing Offline App Data with PouchDB
25 September 2015, SitePoint

Speeding up IndexedDB reads and writes
22 August 2021, Nolan Lawson

Offline-first web and mobile apps: Top frameworks and components
22 January 2019, TechBeacon

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