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DBMS > Couchbase vs. HBase vs. Hypertable

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. HBase vs. Hypertable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as Hadoop
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeWide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.86
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score43.99
Rank#25  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comhbase.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comhbase.apache.org
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetHypertable Inc.
Initial release201120082009
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20192.3.4, January 20210.9.8.11, March 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksCloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberoptions to bring your own types, AVROno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scans
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
C++ API
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoCoprocessors in Javano
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor on file system level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseHBaseHypertable
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Apache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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No single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Apple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Apache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseHBaseHypertable
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