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DBMS > Couchbase vs. H2 vs. Hypertable vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. H2 vs. Hypertable vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.An open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.87
Rank#28  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score9.92
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score1211.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.46
Rank#243  Overall
#116  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.h2database.comwww.mysql.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldev.mysql.com/­doctrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Thomas MuellerHypertable Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release20112005200919952014
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20191.4.200, October 20190.9.8.11, March 20168.0.27, October 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC++C and C++C++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
JavaC++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsnoyes infoproprietary syntaxJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factor on file system levelMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseH2HypertableMySQLTrafodion
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseH2HypertableMySQLTrafodion
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