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DBMS > Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA relational database management system that stores data in columnsOpen source graph databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.49
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score1.15
Rank#138  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.74
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.51
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.comwww.monetdb.orgneo4j.combasho.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.OntotextMonetDB BVNeo4j, Inc.Basho Technologies
Initial release20112000200420072009
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.8, January 2019Apr2019, April 20193.5.8, July 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaCJava, ScalaErlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenerestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava Server Pluginyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyesyes infovia event handleryes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding via remote tablesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jRiak KV
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
7 November 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Semantic Technology and the Strive for Drug Safety
21 October 2019

Artificial Intelligence and the Knowledge Graph
10 October 2019

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

Remote Tables and Authorization
10 August 2018

This Week in Neo4j – Schema-Based Security, Starwars Galaxy Graph, Querying Wikidata
14 December 2019

#GraphCast: The Graphistania Podcast Is Back!
13 December 2019

Demographics Master Data at Citigroup
12 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Full Text Search Tips and Tricks, Learning Geography, MongoDB to Graph
7 December 2019

Graphs on GPUs: 5-Minute Interview with Saul Rosales
6 December 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jRiak KV
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019

Finished events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase to Present at Upcoming Investor Conferences
27 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Altoros Releases 2019 Comparative Analysis of Database Query Languages in MySQL, Couchbase, and MongoDB
20 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Document Databases Global Market Demand and Forecast 2026 - Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic, Aerospike, Neo Technology
15 December 2019, News Agree

Global Document Databases Market to Witness Robust Expansion by 2022 with companies like Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic
12 December 2019, Market Report Gazette

Global Document Databases Market 2019 – Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic, Aerospike, Neo Technology, Basho Technologies, DataStax, Oracle
14 December 2019, Breakaway Trends

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

GraphDB 9.0 Open Sources Its Front End and Engine Plugins to Support Knowledge Graph Solutions
7 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Big Data Career Notes: November 2019 Edition
15 November 2019, Datanami

RDBMS Software Market Supply Chain Trends Mapping The Latest Technological Advancements and Forecast 2024
14 December 2019, New York Tribunal

RDBMS Software Market Impressive Gains including key players Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite
11 December 2019, Techi Labs

Global RDBMS Software Market Insights, New Project Investment and Potential Growth Scope
26 November 2019, Tech Estate Today

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market 2019 SWOT Analysis | triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
13 December 2019, News Appear

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Graph Database Market 2019 Growth Strategies | triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
5 December 2019, Premier Herald 24

Global Graph Database Market 2019 – IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j
24 November 2019, The Chicago Sentinel

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

NoSQL database Riak acquired following Basho’s fall from grace
13 September 2017, Computer Business Review

Basho open-sources its Riak TS database for the Internet Of Things
5 May 2016, TechCrunch

Basho, Maker of Riak NoSQL Database, Raises $25M
13 January 2015, Data Center Knowledge

Basho's database downfall highlights danger of bringing too-niche tech to market
10 July 2018, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

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