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DBMS > Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. mSQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. mSQL vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServermSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.49
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score1.15
Rank#138  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score27.89
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1.42
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.OntotextMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesStardog-Union
Initial release20112000201019942010
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.8, January 2019V124.2, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SPARQL is used as query languageyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava Server PluginTransact SQLnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyesnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availablenoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzuremSQL infoMini SQLStardog
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
7 November 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Semantic Technology and the Strive for Drug Safety
21 October 2019

Artificial Intelligence and the Knowledge Graph
10 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzuremSQL infoMini SQLStardog
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase to Present at Upcoming Investor Conferences
27 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Altoros Releases 2019 Comparative Analysis of Database Query Languages in MySQL, Couchbase, and MongoDB
20 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Document Databases Market Strategic Business Report 2019-2025 (Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic and many more..)
11 December 2019, Stewardnomist

New Study on Document Databases Market Analysis Report by Key Players- Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic | foreseen till 2022
11 December 2019, Statsflash

Asia Pacific Document Databases: Market Valuation & Estimation to Expansion with companies like Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic.
11 December 2019, Market Report Gazette

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

Microsoft Announces Azure Blockchain Tokens and Blockchain Data Manager
9 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

IDERA SQL Diagnostic Manager for SQL Server 10.5 Expands Performance Monitoring On-Premises and in the Cloud
3 December 2019, Associated Press

How to share SQL tables and views using Azure Data Share - Microsoft
29 November 2019, Channel 9

Microsoft shows off hybrid cloud management and cloud analytics tools at Ignite
14 November 2019, CIO

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12 October 2015, PR Web

Writing a Web Service in Perl
13 July 2018, PCQuest

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