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DBMS > Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.04
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score28.20
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.OntotextMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release2011200020102010
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.8, January 2019V126.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SPARQL is used as query languageyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava Server PluginTransact SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase to Present at the 22nd Annual Needham Growth Conference
7 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

FULL STACK SOFTWARE DEVELOPER IN KIRKLAND, WA AT TABLESAFE | Careers
10 January 2020, MarketScale

Couchbase Server team puts 6.5 beta up for feedback
12 August 2019, DevClass

Couchbase review: A smart NoSQL database
12 August 2019, InfoWorld

NoSQL Market 2019-2025 to Grow at +35% CAGR Including Leading Players- Oracle, Marklogic, Mongodb, Couchbase, IBM, Microsoft SQL Server, Neo, DynamoDB, Hypertable, Aerospike
25 December 2019, Galus Australis

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB Improves the Knowledge Graph Experience in Latest Update
12 January 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Deployment options for Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
9 January 2020, Channel 9

Overview of Azure SQL Database Serverless
30 December 2019, Database Journal

It's just SQL: Collations in Azure SQL Database Managed Instance - Microsoft
2 January 2020, Channel 9

Understanding Azure Arc
14 January 2020, InfoWorld

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

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