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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.08
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score0.49
Rank#207  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.79
Rank#120  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score0.90
Rank#159  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comgrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comjanusgraph.orgwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.janusgraph.orgdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Grakn LabsOntotextLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release20112016200020172017
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20191.6.2, January 20208.8, January 20190.5.0, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSPARQL is used as query languagenoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoJava Server Pluginyesyes
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
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GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
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Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
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TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
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GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Drug Discovery Knowledge Graphs
7 June 2019

Ontotext Knowledge Graph Platform: The Modern Way of Building Smart Enterprise Applications
19 March 2020

How Pharma Companies Can Scale Up Their Knowledge Discovery with Semantic Similarity Search 
6 March 2020

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
6 February 2020

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

GraphDB 9.1: Knowledge Graphs with Data Provenance
Webinar, 2 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase launches a fully managed database service
4 February 2020, TechCrunch

Couchbase Introduces Fully Managed Database Service -- ADTmag
6 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Hindsight in 2020: The top Big Data Innovations of the Past Decade
6 March 2020, Computer Business Review

Couchbase Creates On-Ramp from SQL to NoSQL with Latest Release
18 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

MongoDB Launches Bid To Recruit Oracle Customers To Migrate To Its Next-Gen Database
5 March 2020, CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers

provided by Google News

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

15 Machine Learning Companies To Watch In Europe
27 November 2018, Forbes

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

What & why: Graph machine learning in distributed systems
16 March 2020, Ericsson

Comcast, FireEye, Numberly Among Winners of 2019 Scylla User Awards
6 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

Benchmarking Graph Analytics Systems: TigerGraph, Neo4j, Neptune, JanusGraph, and ArangoDB
8 May 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

TigerGraph Enhances Its Graph Database and Analytics Solution
17 March 2020, MarTech Advisor

Look ma, no code: TigerGraph looks to attract wider audience for niche-but-growing DB segment
16 March 2020, The Register

TigerGraph 3.0 Touts the Industry's First 'Easy Button' for Analysis
18 March 2020, Solutions Review

news digest: .NET 5 Preview 1, TigerGraph 3.0's no-code capabilities, and Axis Security emerges from stealth - SD Times
17 March 2020, SDTimes.com

Real-time Analytics News Roundup for Week Ending March 21
22 March 2020, RTInsights

provided by Google News

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