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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.21
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score5.33
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#168  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.GoogleNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release2011201720072010
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20193.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nonoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsyesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Overcoming CCPA Challenges: Graph Technology Solves Personal Data Privacy Challenges
21 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – We need your GraphConnect 2020 talks, New Educator Program, Tuning Cypher, How do British MPs vote?
19 October 2019

#GraphCast: Bloom Series
18 October 2019

GraphConnect 2020: Call for Papers Closing November 15
17 October 2019

How Boston Scientific Improves Manufacturing Quality Using Graph Analytics
16 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4jStardog
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

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Google Firestore Released
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