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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. LMDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. LMDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Redis

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database libraryMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.32
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score2.44
Rank#117  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score143.44
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score179.02
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.GoogleSymasMicrosoftRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release20112017201119922009
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20210.9.29, March 20211902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20197.0.0, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangCC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
CC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes, with Cloud Functionsnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-enginepublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenoneSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationnonenoneMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesUsing Cloud Dataflownonothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.nono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud FirestoreLMDBMicrosoft AccessRedis
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud FirestoreLMDBMicrosoft AccessRedis
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