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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. LMDB vs. MariaDB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. LMDB vs. MariaDB vs. Redis

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database libraryMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.32
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score2.44
Rank#117  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score111.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score179.02
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
redis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoremariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.GoogleSymasMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release2011201720112009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19952009
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20210.9.29, March 202110.8.3, May 20227.0.0, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces costSkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangCC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
CAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Lua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes, with Cloud Functionsnoyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesUsing Cloud Dataflownonothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud FirestoreLMDBMariaDBRedis
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
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The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
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Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
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Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
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Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Read the Redis NoSQL benchmark report.
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud FirestoreLMDBMariaDBRedis
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