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DBMS > Couchbase vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA distributed reliable key-value storeCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.68
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score10.32
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score8.10
Rank#54  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score85.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
firebase.google.com/­products/­firestorehive.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.cometcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
firebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.GoogleApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release201120172012
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20193.4, August 20193.1.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nonoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes, watching key changesyes, with Cloud Functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replicationselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoUsing Cloud Dataflowyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights for users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseetcdGoogle Cloud FirestoreHive
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseetcdGoogle Cloud FirestoreHive
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Couchbase ConnectONLINE 2021
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