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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called Whisper
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Wide column store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.89
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score4.44
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score5.35
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-web
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.io
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.GoogleChris Davis
Initial release201120152006
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangPython
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Unix
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, NumbernoNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnono
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolocking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud BigtableGraphite
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud BigtableGraphite
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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