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DBMS > Couchbase vs. GeoSpock vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. GeoSpock vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGeoSpock  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesSpatial and temporal data processing engine for extreme data scaleGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Time Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.16
Rank#299  Overall
#138  Relational DBMS
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comgeospock.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.mongodb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.geospock.com/­Content/­Home.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.GeoSpockGoogleMongoDB, IncPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2011201520092016
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20212.0, September 20195.0.6, January 20225.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, JavascriptC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyestemporal, categoricalnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.ANSI SQL for query only (using Presto)noRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnonoJavaScriptno
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingAutomatic shardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoAtomic single-row operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnonoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per tableAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGeoSpockGoogle Cloud BigtableMongoDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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