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DBMS > Couchbase vs. GRAKN.AI vs. IRONdb vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. GRAKN.AI vs. IRONdb vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Time Series DBMSRDF store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.99
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score0.20
Rank#256  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#120  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#328  Overall
#27  Time Series DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#223  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comgrakn.aiwww.irondb.iordf4j.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.irondb.io/­docsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Grakn Labs LtdCirconus LLC.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2011201620172004
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20191.5.8, August 2019V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)no
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
HTTP APIJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes, in Luayes
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using CassandraAutomatic, metric affinity per nodenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoby using Cassandraconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awarenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodes
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnono
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGRAKN.AIIRONdbRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
IRONdb is a highly available, distributed Time Series Database. It can support dozens...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Unmatched Scalability IRONdb is unique among TSDBs in that it does not use a consensus...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Real Systems Monitoring Monitor your systems infrastructure in real time across thousands...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
IRONdb serves the needs of the world's largest Time Series Database customers. One...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Only TSDB capable of scaling to billions of metrics. Only TSDB to scale to dozens...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
IRONdb is licensed under a subscription model based on the number of active metrics...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGRAKN.AIIRONdbRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

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