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DBMS > Couchbase vs. FoundationDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. FoundationDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.87
Rank#28  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.36
Rank#149  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#74  Relational DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#210  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score6.72
Rank#59  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.postgres-xl.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.FoundationDBBasho Technologies
Initial release201120132014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2009
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20196.2.28, November 202010 R1, October 20182.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++CErlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberno infosome layers support typingyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.supported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infodistributed, parallel query executionno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functionsJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Linearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyesno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCCno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFoundationDBPostgres-XLRiak KV
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFoundationDBPostgres-XLRiak KV
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
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