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DBMS > Couchbase vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. OrigoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. OrigoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A fully ACID in-memory object graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.45
Rank#28  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score104.36
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#360  Overall
#53  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.foundationdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
origodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryorigodb.com/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.FoundationDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Robert Friberg et al
Initial release2011201320092009 infounder the name LiveDB
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20196.2.28, November 202010.6.5, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksSkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C and C++C#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberno infosome layers support typingyesUser defined using .NET types and collections
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infocan be achieved using .NET
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.supported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptin SQL-layer onlyyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyesyes infoDomain Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronized
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Linearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginedepending on model
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infoWrite ahead log
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole based authorization
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFoundationDBMariaDBOrigoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFoundationDBMariaDBOrigoDB
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