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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.55
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score16.85
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score453.83
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014MongoDB, Inc
Initial release201120122009
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.4.2, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'JavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseMongoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseMongoDB
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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase 'edges' upwards with offline-first control
3 November 2020, ComputerWeekly.com

Couchbase Honored with Two Industry Awards: Battery Ventures' Top 25 Cloud-Computing Companies to Work For and Deloitte's Top 500 Fastest-Growing Companies in North America
19 November 2020, GlobeNewswire

Couchbase — A Cloud Native Database for Modern Workloads
13 November 2020, DevOps.com

Couchbase Partners with VetsinTech to Help Pave Veterans' Career Paths in Tech
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The TCO Leadership of Couchbase Cloud
29 October 2020, InfoWorld

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Introduction to the Firebase Database
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Botnets have been silently mass-scanning the internet for unsecured ENV files
21 November 2020, ZDNet

Firebase: Google Cloud’s Evil Twin – Excerpt
7 October 2020, Security Boulevard

Over 4000 Android Apps Expose Users' Data via Misconfigured Firebase Databases
12 May 2020, Internet

Digital Data Architect
25 November 2020, IT-Online

provided by Google News

Build it and they will come: JetBrains gets grip on MongoDB with v2020.3 of database IDE
26 November 2020, DevClass

Curriculum Designer — MongoDB
25 November 2020, Built In Austin

Giant Spoon Stages a Cyber-Thriller for Database Platform MongoDB
23 November 2020, Muse by Clio

Exafluence Announces Global Strategic Partnership with MongoDB to Modernize Legacy Applications in Finance and Healthcare
9 November 2020, PRNewswire

Is MongoDB Stock a Buy?
11 November 2020, Motley Fool

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