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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IRONdb vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IRONdb vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.69
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score19.08
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#185  Overall
#88  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasenuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.circonus.com/­irondbdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014Circonus LLC.NuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2011201220172013
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinuxhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes, in LuaJava, SQL
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingAutomatic, metric affinity per nodedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
configurable replication factor, datacenter awareyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesnoACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes, based on authentication and database rulesnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseIRONdbNuoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseIRONdbNuoDB
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