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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHawkular Metrics  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Hawkular metrics is the metric storage of the Red Hat sponsored Hawkular monitoring system. It is based on Cassandra.In-memory JavaScript DBMSOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeTime Series DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.46
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score17.23
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.01
Rank#350  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#223  Overall
#35  Document stores
Score9.45
Rank#48  Overall
#8  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websitewww.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.hawkular.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.hawkular.org/­hawkular-metrics/­docs/­user-guidetechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014Community supported by Red HatMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release20112012201420142001
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20199.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nononoyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP RESTJavaScript APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'noView functions in JavaScriptyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infovia Hawkular Alertingyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infobased on CassandranoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesnono infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyesyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes, based on authentication and database rulesnonoRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseHawkular MetricsLokiJSMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFirebase Realtime DatabaseHawkular MetricsLokiJSMarkLogic
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