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DBMS > Couchbase vs. FileMaker vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. FileMaker vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with integrated cache, a powerful search engine, in-built operational and analytical capabilities, and an embedded mobile databaseFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.15
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score48.81
Rank#21  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score7.70
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.claris.com/­filemakerrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Claris infoa subsidiary of AppleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201119832014
Current releaseServer: 7.2, June 2023; Mobile: 3.1, March 2022; Couchbase Capella (DBaaS), June 202319.4.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBusiness Source License (BSL 1.1); Commercial licenses also availablecommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
iOS infoclient part only
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL++, extends ANSI SQL to JSON for operational, transactional, and analytic use casesyes infovia pluginsno
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
HTTP REST
Kafka Connector
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Spark Connector
Spring Data
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Kotlin
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
PHP.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScript and UDFs in Java, Python, SQL++yesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesAutomatic Shardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication. Role-base access control.simple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesyes

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseFileMakerRealm
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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1 March 2024, InfoWorld

Couchbase's database gets support for vector search and retrieval-augmented generation
1 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

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29 February 2024, The New Stack

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15 October 2023, Patently Apple

Apple subsidiary FileMaker returns to its original name from the '80s
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