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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.96
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score151.07
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score183.38
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.ElasticRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release201120102009
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20217.8.0, June 20207.0.3, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • ScaleGrid Hosting for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Get advanced monitoring and automate your management through one centralized platform.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store, for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurepublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesES-Hadoop Connectorthrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearchRedis
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Read the Redis NoSQL benchmark report.
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Aiven for Redis: Store and access your data quickly and efficiently.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearchRedis
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