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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used open source RDBMSTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.45
Rank#28  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score157.72
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score19.96
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1206.04
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#243  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mysql.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedev.mysql.com/­doctrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.ElasticGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release20112010201219952014
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20197.8.0, June 20208.0.27, October 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC and C++C++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoproprietary syntaxJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesES-Hadoop Connectornonoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoyesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsMemcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseMySQLTrafodion
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseMySQLTrafodion
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