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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Drizzle vs. IBM Cloudant vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Drizzle vs. IBM Cloudant vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.47
Rank#95  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantnuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comcloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Drizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014NuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2011200820102013
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20217.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++ErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJDBCRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
PHP
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptJava, SQL
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDrizzleIBM CloudantNuoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDrizzleIBM CloudantNuoDB
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