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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.41
Rank#25  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score2.36
Rank#101  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score0.06
Rank#315  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
Score1.01
Rank#146  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablememgraph.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.memgraph.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Drizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogleMemgraph LtdOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release20112008201520171984
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20197.2.4, September 20127.3.3.2.0, 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercial infoFree license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinuxHP Open VMS
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnono
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Master replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infowith snapshot isolationyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDrizzleGoogle Cloud BigtableMemgraphOracle Rdb
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDrizzleGoogle Cloud BigtableMemgraphOracle Rdb
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