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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSOpen source graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score30.33
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.68
Rank#134  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score51.34
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comdgraph.ioneo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdgraph.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release201120162007
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.1.3, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via RaftCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphNeo4j
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Graphistania Podcast: Authors Discuss Graph Databases For Dummies
27 October 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Graph-Native Machine Learning in Neo4j, All About Super Nodes, Quick prototyping with GRAND stack
24 October 2020

#GraphCast: Graph Data Science Library
23 October 2020

Graph Visualization Just Got Easier: Introducing Neo4j Bloom 1.4!
22 October 2020

Announcing: Graph-Native Machine Learning in Neo4j!
21 October 2020

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

What to expect from Couchbase Connect 2020
13 October 2020, ComputerWeekly.com

Couchbase Advances Edge Computing Innovation with 2.8 Release of Couchbase Lite and Sync Gateway
14 October 2020, GlobeNewswire

Couchbase Advances Edge Computing with Latest Platform Updates
16 October 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Couchbase Launches Version 2.8 of Couchbase Lite and Couchbase Sync Gateway
19 October 2020, CIOReview

Insights From Couchbase Connect
14 October 2020, iProgrammer

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Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
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Post Covid-19 Impact on Key Value Database Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share 2020 to 2026
26 October 2020, Eurowire

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

(2020-2026) Key Value Database Market Share, Growth, Demand, Trends, Region Wise Analysis of Top Players and Forecasts
24 October 2020, PRnews Leader

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Neo4j Is the Choice of Leading Companies for Graph Databases in the Cloud
20 October 2020, Yahoo Finance

Google, NASA, PayPal and the World Bank to Headline Neo4j's NODES 2020 Developer Conference
14 October 2020, PRNewswire

Don't Miss NODES 2020, the Largest Graph Developer Event of the Year
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21 October 2020, Read IT Quik

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