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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. NuoDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. NuoDB vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.78
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#356  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score20.13
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comdgraph.iowww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasenuodb.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdgraph.io/­docsdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdoc.nuodb.comvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Circonus LLC.NuoDB, Inc.Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20112016201720132005
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021V0.10.20, January 201811.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces costVertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoC and C++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yesFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes, in LuaJava, SQLyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonoyesyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesAutomatic, metric affinity per nodedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via Raftconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationno infoPlanned for future releasesnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbNuoDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbNuoDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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