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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. NuoDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. NuoDB vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.78
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#356  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comdgraph.iowww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasenuodb.comvaticle.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdgraph.io/­docsdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdoc.nuodb.comdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Circonus LLC.NuoDB, Inc.Vaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release20112016201720132016
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021V0.10.20, January 20182.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yesno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes, in LuaJava, SQLno
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesAutomatic, metric affinity per nodedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via Raftconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationno infoPlanned for future releasesnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbNuoDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbNuoDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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