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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.96
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1.62
Rank#151  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#349  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score1.31
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comdgraph.iowww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasegithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdgraph.io/­docsdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Circonus LLC.Vesoft Inc.
Initial release2011201620172019
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HTTP APIBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes, in Lua
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesAutomatic, metric affinity per nodeSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via Raftconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationno infoPlanned for future releasesnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbNebulaGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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