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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. IRONdb vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.96
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1.62
Rank#151  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#349  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score23.10
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comdgraph.iowww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdgraph.io/­docsdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Circonus LLC.Microsoft
Initial release2011201620172016
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes, in LuaTransact SQL
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesAutomatic, metric affinity per nodeSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via Raftconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationno infoPlanned for future releasesnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphIRONdbMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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