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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. IRONdb

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. GridGain vs. IRONdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicity
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.69
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1.48
Rank#152  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#122  Overall
#25  Key-value stores
#60  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comdgraph.iowww.gridgain.comwww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-database
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdgraph.io/­docswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestdocs.circonus.com/­irondb
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.GridGain Systems, Inc.Circonus LLC.
Initial release2011201620072017
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021GridGain 8.5.1V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoJava, C++, .NetC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes infotext, numeric, histograms
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes, in Lua
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes (cache interceptors and events)no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesShardingAutomatic, metric affinity per node
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via Raftyes (replicated cache)configurable replication factor, datacenter aware
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodes
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationno infoPlanned for future releasesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphGridGainIRONdb
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphGridGainIRONdb
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
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