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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.86
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#281  Overall
#130  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comdgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynMicrosoftYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20112016201519892017
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksYugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangGoC++, JavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyesyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoJava Stored ProceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphEsgynDBMicrosoft SQL ServerYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDgraphEsgynDBMicrosoft SQL ServerYugabyteDB
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