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DBMS > Couchbase vs. Datomic vs. DuckDB vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. Datomic vs. DuckDB vs. RocksDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.91
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1.82
Rank#127  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#291  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Score3.82
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comwww.datomic.comduckdb.orgrocksdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.datomic.comduckdb.org/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.CognitectFacebook, Inc.
Initial release2011201220182013
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20190.9.5951, July 20190.2, August 20206.22.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJava, ClojureC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMserver-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyesno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP APICLI Client
JDBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Clojure
Java
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoTransaction Functionsnono
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolBy using transaction functionsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
none infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationnonono
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDatomicDuckDBRocksDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseDatomicDuckDBRocksDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
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Conferences and events

Couchbase ConnectONLINE 2021
Virtual Conference, 20-21 October 2021

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