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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed Date Store based on LuceneCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Time Series DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.97
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score19.29
Rank#38  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comcrate.iowww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comcrate.io/­docsvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.CrateMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release201120132005
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 202111.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces costVertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes, but no triggers and constraintsFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptuser defined functionsyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
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Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
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Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
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Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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