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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceDistributed Date Store based on LuceneScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.91
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.92
Rank#180  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comcrate.ioneo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comcrate.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.CrateNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201120132007
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.3.6, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksNeo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes, but no triggers and constraintsno
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptuser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationrights management via user accountsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Simplify Your Visualization Workflow with Neo4j Bloom 1.9
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This Week in Neo4j – Speaking Cypher, Stocks, Graphalue, Discover Aura, Wikidata, Gephi
23 October 2021

#GraphCast: Thinking About Algorithmic Bias in AI?
22 October 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Data Trends and Challenges
21 October 2021

How PwC Germany Combats Money Laundering in Crypto Space with Neo4j
19 October 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase Capella release aims to ease database admin process for orgs and developers
26 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

The rise of database-as-a-service: Couchbase engineering ops VP weighs in
26 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Couchbase employs edge computing as a deployment architecture solution
26 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Couchbase relaunches cloud service
19 October 2021, ZDNet

Support for wide range of app-driven capabilities guides Couchbase's latest database enhancement
26 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

CrateDB 4.5 is Now Available as an Open Source Database
25 March 2021, Database Trends and Applications

CrateDB 4.5 takes distributed SQL database open source
24 March 2021, TechTarget

Crate.io Expands CrateDB Cloud with the Launch of CrateDB Edge
15 April 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

Crate.io Open Sources the Entire Codebase of CrateDB – the
24 March 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market SWOT Analysis by 2028: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j etc. – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

Opening the Pandora (Papers) Box
27 October 2021, CDOTrends

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

Research Report Explores the Graph Database Market Size 2021 to 2028 | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

Non-Relational Databases Market SWOT Analysis by 2028: IBM, FileMaker, Oracle, Neo4j, InterSystems etc. – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

provided by Google News

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