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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebird vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Firebird vs. MongoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesDistributed Date Store based on LuceneA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Search engineRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.38
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.97
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score25.72
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comcrate.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.firebirdsql.orgwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comcrate.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.CrateElasticFirebird FoundationMongoDB, Inc
Initial release2011201320102000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2009
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20217.8.0, June 20204.0.1, December 20215.0.6, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes, but no triggers and constraintsSQL-like query languageyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptuser defined functionsyesPSQLJavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoES-Hadoop Connectornoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationrights management via user accountsUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBElasticsearchFirebirdMongoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
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200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
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Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
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MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
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Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBElasticsearchFirebirdMongoDB
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