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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Dgraph vs. Drizzle vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CrateDB vs. Dgraph vs. Drizzle vs. NuoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceDistributed Date Store based on LuceneDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.86
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comcrate.iodgraph.ionuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comcrate.io/­docsdgraph.io/­docsdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.CrateDgraph Labs, Inc.Drizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release20112013201620082013
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20197.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaGoC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes, but no triggers and constraintsnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptuser defined functionsnonoJava, SQL
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolnonono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationrights management via user accountsno infoPlanned for future releasesPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBDgraphDrizzleNuoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCrateDBDgraphDrizzleNuoDB
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