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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Redis vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Redis vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.An AI-native realtime vector database engine that integrates scalable machine learning models.
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.30
Rank#47  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score155.94
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score1.52
Rank#153  Overall
#6  Vector DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgredis.com
redis.io
github.com/­weaviate/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
weaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Weaviate B.V.
Initial release200520092019
Current release3.3.3, December 20237.2.5, May 20241.19, May 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageErlangCGo
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenopartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnowith RediSQL moduleGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolGraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript / TypeScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
Triggersyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesthrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication
API Keys
OpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"RedisWeaviate
Specific characteristicsWeaviate is an open source vector database that is robust, scalable, cloud-native,...
» more
Competitive advantagesFlexible deployment - Free, open source or fully-managed cloud vector database service...
» more
Typical application scenariosAs a database supporting the development of generative AI and semantic search applications...
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Key customersAll companies that have data. ​
» more
Market metricsAs of mid 2023: Over 2 million open source downloads 3500+ Weaviate Slack community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWeaviate is open-source, and free to use. Weaviate is also available as a fully managed...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"RedisWeaviate
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