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DBMS > CouchDB vs. PouchDB vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. PouchDB vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.68
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.20
Rank#89  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score3.91
Rank#80  Overall
#14  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgpouchdb.comrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablepouchdb.com/­guidesrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release200520122009
Current release3.0, February 20207.1.1, June 20192.4.0, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaScriptC infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
TriggersyesyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungeSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenoyes infousers and table-level permissions

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"PouchDBRethinkDB
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