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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.80
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.69
Rank#210  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.postgres-xl.orgtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20052014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2012
Current release3.2.0, October 202110 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangCJava
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodistributed, parallel query executionno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptuser defined functionsyes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioningyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Postgres-XLTitan
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