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DBMS > CouchDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.30
Rank#47  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.80
Rank#214  Overall
#99  Relational DBMS
#18  Time Series DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#89  Overall
#16  Document stores
#6  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mcobject.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMcObjectOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200520012010
Current release3.3.3, December 20238.2, 20213.2.29, March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning / shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Active Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"eXtremeDBOrientDB
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"eXtremeDBOrientDB
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