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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used in-process key-value storeJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.38
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.91
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score2.93
Rank#89  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release200519942012
Current release2.3.1, March 201918.1 (Core), June 20187.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationMaster-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenono

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Oracle Berkeley DBPouchDB
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