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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.35
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1252.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score121.89
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.mysql.com/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release200519952000
Current release3.1.1 , September 20208.0.23 , January 20213.34.0 (December 1, 2020), December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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